Microstructure in high-density MgB2 wires prepared by an internal Mg diffusion method

Yusuke Shimada, Yuuki Kubota, Satoshi Hata, Ken Ichi Ikeda, Hideharu Nakashima, Akiyoshi Matsumoto, Kazumasa Togano, Jahmahn Hur, Hiroaki Kumakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several reaction-induced diffusion processes to fabricate high-density MgB2 materials are developed, and the critical current density (Jc) has been notably enhanced. In this study, microstructure in high-density MgB2 wires fabricated by an internal Mg diffusion (IMD) process has been investigated. The inner reacted region of the wire heat-treated at 640 °C for 1 h shows dense polycrystalline MgB2 of 20-200 nm in grain sizes. Fine MgO and Mg2Si particles of 10-30 nm in sizes are dispersed in this region. On the other hand, the outer region near the Ta sheath is composed of unreacted B and SiC powders, fine MgO particles and small voids. Sizes of voids in the IMD MgB2 wire are small compared with the PIT MgB2 wire. Oxidation of Mg in the IMD process forms fine dispersion of MgO which may be effective for flux pinning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5643189
Pages (from-to)2668-2671
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume21
Issue number3 PART 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011

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wire
Wire
microstructure
Microstructure
voids
pulsed inductive thrusters
Flux pinning
flux pinning
sheaths
Powders
critical current
grain size
current density
heat
Oxidation
oxidation
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Microstructure in high-density MgB2 wires prepared by an internal Mg diffusion method. / Shimada, Yusuke; Kubota, Yuuki; Hata, Satoshi; Ikeda, Ken Ichi; Nakashima, Hideharu; Matsumoto, Akiyoshi; Togano, Kazumasa; Hur, Jahmahn; Kumakura, Hiroaki.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, No. 3 PART 3, 5643189, 01.06.2011, p. 2668-2671.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shimada, Y, Kubota, Y, Hata, S, Ikeda, KI, Nakashima, H, Matsumoto, A, Togano, K, Hur, J & Kumakura, H 2011, 'Microstructure in high-density MgB2 wires prepared by an internal Mg diffusion method', IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 21, no. 3 PART 3, 5643189, pp. 2668-2671. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2010.2091097
Shimada, Yusuke ; Kubota, Yuuki ; Hata, Satoshi ; Ikeda, Ken Ichi ; Nakashima, Hideharu ; Matsumoto, Akiyoshi ; Togano, Kazumasa ; Hur, Jahmahn ; Kumakura, Hiroaki. / Microstructure in high-density MgB2 wires prepared by an internal Mg diffusion method. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2011 ; Vol. 21, No. 3 PART 3. pp. 2668-2671.
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