Microwave heating was used to produce aqueous-soluble components from green, oolong, and black tea residues. Heating at 200-230°C for 2 min extracted 40-50% of polysaccharides and 60-70% of the polyphenols. Solubilization of arabinose and galactose by autohydrolysis occurred with heating above 170°C, whereas heating above 200°C was necessary to solubilize xylose. Catechins were soluble in water by heating at low temperature (110°C); however, new polyphenols having strong antioxidant activity were produced above 200°C. The amount of solubilized materials and antioxidant activity increased with increased fermentation of harvested tea leaves (green tea < oolong tea < black tea). Cutin, a plant biopolyester, remained in the residue after heating as did cellulose and lignin/tannin. The predominant cutin monomer that was recovered was 9,10-epoxy-18-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid, followed by dihydroxyhexadecanoic acid and 9,10,18-trihydroxyoctadecanoic acid.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 10 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)