Migration behavior of cesium in compacted bentonite under reducing conditions using electromigration

Kazuya Idemitsu, Masaru Yamamoto, Yosuke Yamasaki, Yaohiro Inagaki, Tatsumi Arima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Carbon steel overpack will be corroded by consuming oxygen introduced by repository construction after closure of repository and then will keep the reducing environment in the vicinity of repository. The migration of iron corrosion products through the buffer material will affect migration of redox-sensitive radionuclides. Therefore the authors have carried out electromigration experiments with source of iron ions supplied by anode corrosion of iron coupons in compacted bentonite. However, their migration behavior was complex and difficult to explain. Thus, authors tried to use cesium, whose migration behavior is well known, in this experimental configuration to obtain knowledge of the migration behavior of cations. The concentrations of iron and sodium showed nearly complementary distributions. It is expected that iron ion could migrate as ferrous ion through the interlayer of montmorillonite replacing exchangeable sodium ions in the interlayer. On the other hand, cesium profiles seemed to be controlled by ordinary diffusion. Drift of the cesium profile by electric potential gradient could be observed clearly only after 240 h. Apparent dispersion coefficients of cesium were calculated from the profiles and were in reasonable agreement with literature values of apparent diffusion coefficients. Thus this experiment can provide a diffusion field for cations under a reducing condition with ferrous ions in water-saturated bentonite. The effect of electro-osmotic flow on ion migration was negligibly small in this experiment because electro-osmotic flow was compensated by hydraulic pressure caused by the water content gradient developed in the specimen within 24h.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX
Pages943-950
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 24 2006
Event29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: Sep 12 2005Sep 16 2005

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume932
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX
Country/TerritoryBelgium
CityGhent
Period9/12/059/16/05

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Migration behavior of cesium in compacted bentonite under reducing conditions using electromigration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this