Migration behavior of ferrous ions in compacted bentonite under reducing conditions using electromigration

Kazuya Idemitsu, Xiaobin Xia, Yoshiro Kikuchi, Yaohiro Inagaki, Tatsumi Arima

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon steel is one of the candidate overpack materials for high-level waste disposal and is expected to assure complete containment of vitrified waste glass during an initial period of 1000 years in Japan. The lifetime of the carbon steel overpack will depend on its corrosion rate. The corrosion rate of carbon steel is reduced by the presence of buffer material such as bentonite. Buffer material will delay the supply of corrosive materials and discharge of corrosion products through it. Carbon steel overpack will be corroded by consuming oxygen introduced by repository construction after closure of repository and then will keep the reducing environment in the vicinity of repository. Therefore, it is important to study the migration of iron corrosion products through the buffer material because it may affect the corrosion rate of overpack, migration of redox-sensitive radionuclides, and the properties of the buffer material. Electromigration experiments have been carried out with source of iron ions supplied by anode corrosion of iron coupon in compacted bentonite. The carbon steel coupon was connected as the working electrode to the potentiostat and was held at a constant applied potential between - 200 to 1000 mV vs. Ag/AgCl electrode for 48 hours. Corrosion currents were 0.5 to 2mA initially and depended on the supplied electrical potential, then decreased to approximately 0.1 mA in a few hours. The final corrosion current was independent of supplied electrical potential. It is expected that iron ion could migrate as ferrous ion through interlayer of montmorillonite replacing exchangeable sodium ions in the interlayer. The rate-determining process of this experimental configuration could be infiltration rate of ferrous ion into bentonite. Infiltration rate of ferrous ion into bentonite was increasing with dry density of bentonite.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberCC8.47
Pages (from-to)491-496
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventScientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVIII - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 13 2004Apr 16 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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