Carbon steel is one of the candidate overpack materials for high-level waste disposal and is expected to assure complete containment of vitrified waste glass during an initial period of 1000 years in Japan. Carbon steel overpack will be corroded by consuming oxygen introduced by repository construction after closure of repository and then will keep the reducing environment in the vicinity of repository. The reducing condition will be expected to retard the migration of redox-sensitive radionuclides by lowering their solubilities. Therefore, the presence of corrosion products of iron in buffer material is important to discuss the migration behavior of redox-sensitive radionuclides. Plutonium electromigration experiments in bentonite have been carried out with source of iron ions supplied by anode corrosion of iron coupon. Plutonium migrated from the iron anode toward cathode as deep as 1 mm of the interior of bentonite within 24 h. Thus plutonium chemical species would have positive charge and were estimated as PuOH 2+ or PuCl2+ by the thermodynamic calculation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials