Earthquakes are known to precede volcanic activity, including long-period or very long period (VLP) volcanic seismicity. However, the relationships among earthquakes, VLP seismicity, and volcanic eruptions are not well understood. Here we present the locations of VLP seismicity at Aso volcano, Japan, between January 2015 and December 2016, a period that includes the Mw 7.0 Kumamoto earthquake and phreatomagmatic eruptions. By using a differential-time backprojection method developed in this study to accurately locate VLP events, we clearly identified two distinct VLP clusters. Whereas the eastern cluster was active during eruptions, the western cluster displayed intense VLP seismicity only for a few months after the earthquake. The western cluster may be associated with opening of new fractures during the earthquake. This study explores the mechanisms that can relate earthquake to volcanic activities and provides a new approach to analyze the dynamic behaviors inside volcanoes that may yield useful information for hazard evaluation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)