Mild merging path generation method with optimal merging point based on MPC

Wenjing Cao, Masakazu Mukai, Taketoshi Kawabe, Hikaru Nishira, Noriaki Fujiki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a merging path generation method based on model predictive control (MPC) method is proposed to optimize the merging point, and the merging path of the merging vehicle, while the motion of the main lane vehicle is optimized at the same time. To simplify the optimization problem which is used to generate the merging trajectory, the longitudinal movement of the merging vehicle is related to the lateral movement of it. To reproduce and make full use of the cooperative driving behavior in merging, the motions of the two relevant vehicles are optimized at the same time. A variable which enables the translation of the merging trajectory of the merging vehicle is introduced into the state of the system. So that when it is necessary to translate the merging trajectory of the merging vehicle for some reason, for example, keeping safe distance, the merging trajectory would be translated and thus the merging point can be optimized. In consideration of the upper bounds of the accelerations and lower bounds of the decelerations that actual vehicles can produce, during merging the accelerations and decelerations of both the relevant vehicles are restricted to appropriate ranges. A computer simulation of three typical merging cases, whose initial conditions are set according to the data drawn from actual merging scene, was conducted on a personal computer to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. It is shown that the computer simulation results for all the three cases are reasonable. The computational time for all of the three cases is much shorter compare to the time step; therefore the proposed method is quite probable to be implemented on actual vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Proceedings
Pages756-761
Number of pages6
EditionPART 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 24 2013
Event7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: Sep 4 2013Sep 7 2013

Publication series

NameIFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline)
NumberPART 1
Volume7
ISSN (Print)1474-6670

Other

Other7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period9/4/139/7/13

Fingerprint

Model predictive control
Merging
Trajectories
Deceleration
Computer simulation
Personal computers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Cao, W., Mukai, M., Kawabe, T., Nishira, H., & Fujiki, N. (2013). Mild merging path generation method with optimal merging point based on MPC. In 7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Proceedings (PART 1 ed., pp. 756-761). (IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline); Vol. 7, No. PART 1). https://doi.org/10.3182/20130904-4-JP-2042.00109

Mild merging path generation method with optimal merging point based on MPC. / Cao, Wenjing; Mukai, Masakazu; Kawabe, Taketoshi; Nishira, Hikaru; Fujiki, Noriaki.

7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Proceedings. PART 1. ed. 2013. p. 756-761 (IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline); Vol. 7, No. PART 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Cao, W, Mukai, M, Kawabe, T, Nishira, H & Fujiki, N 2013, Mild merging path generation method with optimal merging point based on MPC. in 7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Proceedings. PART 1 edn, IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline), no. PART 1, vol. 7, pp. 756-761, 7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013, Tokyo, Japan, 9/4/13. https://doi.org/10.3182/20130904-4-JP-2042.00109
Cao W, Mukai M, Kawabe T, Nishira H, Fujiki N. Mild merging path generation method with optimal merging point based on MPC. In 7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Proceedings. PART 1 ed. 2013. p. 756-761. (IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline); PART 1). https://doi.org/10.3182/20130904-4-JP-2042.00109
Cao, Wenjing ; Mukai, Masakazu ; Kawabe, Taketoshi ; Nishira, Hikaru ; Fujiki, Noriaki. / Mild merging path generation method with optimal merging point based on MPC. 7th IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control, AAC 2013 - Proceedings. PART 1. ed. 2013. pp. 756-761 (IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline); PART 1).
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