CD82/KAI1, a member of the tetraspanin superfamily, is a suppressor of metastasis and CD82 inhibits canonical Wnt signaling via downregulation of several Frizzled (FZD) isoforms, resulting in accumulation of β-catenin at the cell membrane. In this study, we investigated the mechanism through which CD82 inhibited FZD expression by examining the effects of microRNAs (miRNAs). The miRanda algorithm predicted 11 miRNAs from FZD sequences. Among these miRNAs, CD82 caused upregulation of miR-203 (by 2.095-fold) and downregulation of miR-338-3p (by 0.354-fold) as compared with control cells. Transfection with miR-203 and miR338-3p mimics or inhibitors revealed that miR-203 downregulated FZD2 mRNA (by 0.268-fold) and protein expression (by 0.701-fold). Moreover, transfection with the miR-203 mimic also inhibited cell migration. Therefore, these findings suggested that CD82 enhanced the expression of miR-203 and directly downregulate FZD2 expression, suppressing cancer metastasis by inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathway.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)