The adsorption, micelle formation, and coagel-particle formation of sodium dodecyl sulfate in the presence of calcium chloride were studied from the viewpoint of mixed adsorption and aggregate formation of inorganic salt and surfactant. Judging from the phase diagrams of adsorption and aggregate formation, negative azeotropy takes place in the mixed adsorption and aggregate formation of calcium chloride and sodium dodecyl sulfate due to electrostatic attraction between calcium and dodecyl sulfate ions. The miscibility of calcium chloride and sodium dodecyl sulfate in the oriented states increases in the order, particle > adsorbed film > micelle. The difference in the miscibility was ascribed to the difference in geometry between the adsorbed film and micelle and to the interaction between bilayer surfaces in the particle. The particle-micelle equilibrium was thermodynamically considered by using the equilibrium composition of aggregates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry