Mitochondrial p32/C1qbp Is a Critical Regulator of Dendritic Cell Metabolism and Maturation

Kazuhito Gotoh, Takafumi Morisaki, Daiki Setoyama, Katsuhiko Sasaki, Mikako Yagi, Ko Igami, Soichi Mizuguchi, Takeshi Uchiumi, Yoshinori Fukui, Dongchon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dendritic cell (DC) maturation induced by Toll-like receptor agonists requires activation of downstream signal transduction and metabolic changes. The endogenous metabolite citrate has recently emerged as a modulator of DC activation. However, the metabolic requirements that support citrate production remain poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that p32/C1qbp, which functions as a multifunctional chaperone protein in mitochondria, supports mitochondrial metabolism and DC maturation. Metabolic analysis revealed that the citrate increase induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is impaired in p32-deficient DCs. We also found that p32 interacts with dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (E2 component of pyruvate dehydrogenase [PDH] complex) and positively regulates PDH activity in DCs. Therefore, we suggest that DC maturation is regulated by citrate production via p32-dependent PDH activity. p32-null mice administered a PDH inhibitor show decreased DC maturation and ovalbumin-specific IgG production in vivo, suggesting that p32 may serve as a therapeutic target for DC-related autoimmune diseases. Although mitochondrial metabolic pathways are essential for DC activation, the precise molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. Gotoh et al. show that mitochondrial p32/C1qbp supports dendritic cell metabolism and maturation. In addition, mitochondrial p32 and pyruvate dehydrogenase activity are necessary for DC maturation in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1800-1815.e4
JournalCell Reports
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 13 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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