Model-based active noise control for two-dimensional closed space by concentrated mass model

Shotaro Hisano, Satoshi Ishikawa, Shinya Kijimoto, Yosuke Koba

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Several adaptive feedforward control methods have been proposed in previous research on active noise control. In those methods, noise control is achieved by adding in a reverse-phase control sound of the same amplitude to noise near an error microphone. Because this method is aimed at controlling only noise near the error microphone, the control area is inherently narrow. Here, we propose an alternative method of noise control for an entire closed space. The proposed method is based on state feedback control and modeling of the acoustic space by the concentrated-mass model. The acoustic space is modeled as masses, connecting springs, connecting dampers, and base support dampers. Further, a loudspeaker as control source is also modeled as a mass-spring-damper system. We previously reported a method for simple one-dimensional acoustic space control. In this paper, we show the design of a control system for two-dimensional acoustic spaces. The acoustic space and loudspeakers are modeled in a concentrated-mass model, and the state feedback control system is realized as a Kalman filter with pole placement. The number of degrees of freedom is reduced by using modal analysis, which reduces the computation time of the controller. Experiments and numerical simulation of the coupled system were conducted to confirm the validity of the analysis model. Noise in the acoustic space was experimentally controlled, with the finding that noise in the entire acoustic space was reduced around the resonance frequencies. Furthermore, the theoretically the limit of the control effect are considered within the proposed system.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
Event46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, INTER-NOISE 2017 - Hong Kong, China
Duration: Aug 27 2017Aug 30 2017

Other

Other46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, INTER-NOISE 2017
CountryChina
CityHong Kong
Period8/27/178/30/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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    Hisano, S., Ishikawa, S., Kijimoto, S., & Koba, Y. (2017). Model-based active noise control for two-dimensional closed space by concentrated mass model. Paper presented at 46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, INTER-NOISE 2017, Hong Kong, China.