We develop a robust method to extract the pole configuration of a given partial-wave amplitude. In our approach, a deep neural network is constructed where the statistical errors of the experimental data are taken into account. The teaching dataset is constructed using a generic S-matrix parametrization, ensuring that all the poles produced are independent of each other. The inclusion of statistical error results into a noisy classification dataset which we should solve using the curriculum method. As an application, we use the elastic πN amplitude in the I(JP)=1/2(1/2-) sector where 106 amplitudes are produced by combining points in each error bar of the experimental data. We fed the amplitudes to the trained deep neural network and find that the enhancements in the πN amplitude are caused by one pole in each nearby unphysical sheet and at most two poles in the distant sheet. Finally, we show that the extracted pole configurations are independent of the way points in each error bar are drawn and combined, demonstrating the statistical robustness of our method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)