Model of ion absorption of roots integrated with water absorption based on theory of enzyme kinetics

Y. Sago, M. Kitano, K. Hidaka, D. Yasutake

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

For environmentally conscious and highly profitable agriculture, it is necessary to optimize the nutrient application to crops. Ion absorption of roots is regulated by the function of transport proteins of cell membranes, which largely depends on ion concentrations in the root zone. Furthermore, environmental factors such as radiation can affect the ion absorption through change in transpiration (i.e. root water absorption). In this study, we propose a model of root ion absorption integrated with water absorption by modifying the theory of enzyme kinetics (i.e. Michaelis-Menten equation). Ion absorption rate in intact roots of Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) was measured under different conditions of ion concentration, light intensity and consequently under different rates of root water absorption. The integration model proposed can represent well the rates of ion absorption affected by ion concentrations and water absorption. Furthermore, this integration model will be helpful for optimizing nutrient application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationXXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010)
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Symposium on Plant Physiology from Cell to Fruit Production System
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages333-340
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9789066051188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2012

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume932
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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