O(3P) emissions due to photolysis of nitrate were recently identified from ice surfaces doped with nitric acid. O(3P) atoms react directly with molecular oxygen to yield ozone. Therefore, these results may have direct bearing on photochemical activity monitored at the South Pole, a site already noted for elevated summertime surface ozone concentrations. NO2 is also produced via the photolysis of nitrate and the firn air contains elevated levels of NO2, which will lead to direct emission of NO2. A photochemical box model was used to probe what effect O(3P) and NO2 emissions have on ozone concentrations within the South Pole boundary layer. The results suggest that these emissions could account for a portion of the observed ozone production at the South Pole and may explain the observed upward fluxes of ozone identified there.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Environmental Chemistry
- Geochemistry and Petrology