Modern microwave methods in solid-state inorganic materials chemistry: From fundamentals to manufacturing

Helen J. Kitchen, Simon R. Vallance, Jennifer L. Kennedy, Nuria Tapia-Ruiz, Lucia Carassiti, Andrew Harrison, A. Gavin Whittaker, Timothy D. Drysdale, Samuel W. Kingman, Duncan H. Gregory

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

193 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The significant advances in the area of solid-state microwave (MW) synthesis are studied. MWs are broadly regarded as those electromagnetic waves which are situated between infrared and radio wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum, with wavelengths between 0.01 and 1 m, corresponding to frequencies between 0.3 and 300 GHz. MW radiation interacts directly with the reaction components, so the sample alone is heated with minimal need for energy to be expended in heating furnaces, containment materials, and the sample environment. While absorption of MWs in solid and liquid samples is frequency dependent, it is, in effect, nonquantized. Instead, the material behaves as though reacting to a high-frequency electric field. Manipulating MW penetration depth will be vital to develop the flow processes that underpin manufacturing and mass production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1170-1206
Number of pages37
JournalChemical Reviews
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 22 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

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    Kitchen, H. J., Vallance, S. R., Kennedy, J. L., Tapia-Ruiz, N., Carassiti, L., Harrison, A., Whittaker, A. G., Drysdale, T. D., Kingman, S. W., & Gregory, D. H. (2014). Modern microwave methods in solid-state inorganic materials chemistry: From fundamentals to manufacturing. Chemical Reviews, 114(2), 1170-1206. https://doi.org/10.1021/cr4002353