Naphthalene-derived mesophase pitch (NMP) was chemically modified with p-benzoquinone (BQ) at relatively low temperature, then carbonized and graphitized. An activated Diels-Alder reaction between NMP molecules and BQ occurred at 115°C followed by a dehydration reaction at 158°C. The modified NMP changed its texture from anisotropic to isotropic with increasing BQ concentration. The carbon yield of modified NMP also increased with BQ concentration up to 81.4 from 74.6%. No coalescence of the modified NMP powders was observed during carbonization and graphitization when modified at BQ/NMP ratios higher than 10/10. The bulk density of the disks molded and carbonized at 1000°C was a maximum at a 10/10 composition among the four compositions examined. Molecules in NMP were found to increase in molecular size and be substituted by carbonyl groups through the Diels Alder reaction of BQ. Such molecules lose stacking order and fusibility, forming a more isotropic texture, while the carbon yield increases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)