The three peroxin genes, PEX12, PEX2, and PEX10, encode peroxisomal integral membrane proteins with RING finger at the C-terminal part and are responsible for human peroxisome biogenesis disorders. Mutation analysis in PEX12 of Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants revealed a homozygous nonsense mutation at residue Trp263Ter in ZP104 cells and a pair of heterozygous nonsense mutations, Trp170Ter and Trp114Ter, in ZP109. This result and domain mapping of Pex12p showed that RING finger is essential for peroxisome-restoring activity of Pex12p but not necessary for targeting to peroxisomes. The N-terminal region of Pex12p, including amino acid residues at positions 17-76, was required for localization to peroxisomes, while the sequence 17-76 was not sufficient for peroxisomal targeting. Peroxins interacting with RING finger of Pex2p, Pex10p, and Pex12p were investigated by yeast two-hybrid as well as in vitro binding assays. The RING finger of Pex12p bound to Pex10p and the PTS1-receptor Pex5p. Pex10p also interacted with Pex2p and Pex5p in vitro. Moreover, Pex12p was co-immunoprecipitated with Pex10p from CHO-K1 cells, where Pex5p was not associated with the Pex12p-Pex10p complex. This observation suggested that Pex5p does not bind to, or only transiently interacts with, Pex10p and Pex12p when Pex10p and Pex12p are in the oligomeric complex in peroxisome membranes. Hence, the RING finger peroxins are most likely to be involved in Pex5p-mediated matrix protein import into peroxisomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology