Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that associate with PIWI subfamily proteins, which play an important role in transposon silencing in animal germ cell. The piRNAs biogenesis is divided into two major pathways: primary and secondary, and both pathways are independent of double-stranded RNA-processing enzyme Dicer, which processes the single-stranded RNA transcripts in microRNA (miRNA) and siRNA (small interfering RNA) pathway. Primary piRNAs are processed from long non-coding RNA precursors transcribed from piRNA clusters. Zucchini (Zuc), a mitochondrial phospholipase D (PLD) superfamily protein is conserved among the animals and involved in piRNA biogenesis. Recent studies showed that the Zucchini is an endoribonuclease essential for primary piRNA maturation and production of phased piRNA in secondary piRNA biogenesis of drosophila germ cell. Based on these reports, here we identified and studied the silkworm Zucchini (BmZuc) at subcellular level in ovary-derived BmN4 cell. The silkworm Zuc specifically expressed in germ-related tissues and localized on mitochondria and partially co-localized with perinuclear nuage-piRNA pathway components and nuage marker protein BmVasa. Molecular dissection analyses revealed that the conserved mitochondrial localization sequence, RGV motif, PLDc 2 domain and HKD motif are important for the BmZuc mitochondrial localization. Moreover, the knockdown analyses showed that the piRNA pathway components are independent on BmZuc for their nuage localization, whereas BmZuc depend on piRNA pathway components for the proper localization. Our data provides vital information on mitochondrial BmZuc and its relationship to “nuage” in ovary-derived BmN4 cell.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 18 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology