We report here the molecular cloning, characterization, and catalytic mechanism of a novel glycosphingolipid-degrading β-N- acetylgalactosaminidase (β-NGA) from Paenibacillus sp. TS12 (NgaP). Consisting of 1034 putative amino acid residues, NgaP shares no sequence similarity with known proteins. Recombinant NgaP, expressed in Escherichia coli, cleaved the nonreducing terminal β-GalNAc residues of gangliotriaosylceramide and globotetraosylceramide. The enzyme hydrolyzed para-nitrophenyl-β-N-acetylgalactosaminide ∼100 times faster than para-nitrophenyl-β-N-acetylglucosaminide. GalNAc thiazoline, an analog of the oxazolinium intermediate and potent inhibitor for enzymes adopting substrate-assisted catalysis, competitively inhibited the enzyme. The K i of the enzyme for GalNAc thiazoline was 1.3 nm, whereas that for GlcNAc thiazoline was 46.8 μM. Comparison of the secondary structure with those of known enzymes exhibiting substrate-assisted catalysis and point mutation analysis indicated that NgaP adopts substrate-assisted catalysis in which Glu-608 and Asp-607 could function as a proton donor and a stabilizer of the 2-acetamide group of the β-GalNAc at the active site, respectively. These results clearly indicate that NgaP is a β-NGA showing substrateassisted catalysis. This is the first report describing the molecular cloning of a β-NGA adopting substrate-assisted catalysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology