In fish, asynchronous development of ovarian follicles, the simultaneous advance of vitellogenesis and oocyte maturation in one ovary, is a rational reproductive strategy to spawn consecutively in one spawning season. In this study, to clarify the mode of action of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) in asynchronous ovarian follicle development in daily egg production, we cloned cDNAs of the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) in the bambooleaf wrasse (Pseudolabrus sieboldi), which exhibits clear diurnal spawning rhythms over 1. month. In addition, different developmental stages of ovarian follicles were isolated from whole ovaries at various daily time points on 1. day in the spawning season, and mRNA expression levels of FSHR and LHR were analyzed. Sequence analysis showed distinct differences in the number of putative leucine-rich repeats at the extracellular domain between FSHR and LHR, suggesting a difference in ligand-specificity. Real-time PCR analyses revealed that FSHR mRNA was highly expressed in early yolk-stage follicles but decreased at the end of vitellogenesis. In contrast, the expression of LHR mRNA was maintained at low levels in vitellogenic stage follicles but markedly elevated at the end of the vitellogenic and early migratory nucleus stages, thereafter markedly dropping in the late migratory nucleus stage. The present results suggest that co-regulation of vitellogenesis and oocyte maturation in one ovary is controlled by the stage-distinctive expression levels of FSHR and LHR mRNA in ovarian follicles, and daily switching of sensitivity from FSH to LH is required for daily egg production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology