Molecular design of superabsorbent polymers for organic solvents by crosslinked lipophilic polyelectrolytes

Toshikazu Ono, Takahiro Sugimoto, Seiji Shinkai, Kazuki Sada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular design of lipophilic polyelectrolyte gels as superabsorbent polymers that exhibit a high degree of swelling in less-polar and nonpolar organic solvents is demonstrated. A small amount of tetraalkylammonium tetraphenylborate with long alkyl chains as a lipopholic ion pair is incorporated into crosslinked polyacrylates with variable alkyl chain lengths to provide novel lipophilic polyelectrolyte gels. Their swelling degree becomes more than 100 times as much as their dried weights in various organic solvents. The high effectiveness of the swellable solvents shifts to the polar ones by decreasing the length of the alkyl chain. Swelling or collapsing of the lipophilic polyelectrolyte gels originates from both incompatibility of the polymer chains in the media and dissociation of ionic groups. Thus, a unique superabsorbency is observed when the polymer chains have good compatibility with the solvents and the solvents have relatively high polarities enough to dissociate the ionic groups. By varying the polarity of the neutral monomer in these polyelectrolyte gels, the design of gels that can absorb solvents of nearly any polarity is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3936-3940
Number of pages5
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume18
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 22 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular design of superabsorbent polymers for organic solvents by crosslinked lipophilic polyelectrolytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this