Molecular swarm robots: recent progress and future challenges

Arif Md Rashedul Kabir, Daisuke Inoue, Akira Kakugo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Recent advancements in molecular robotics have been greatly contributed by the progress in various fields of science and technology, particularly in supramolecular chemistry, bio- and nanotechnology, and informatics. Yet one of the biggest challenges in molecular robotics has been controlling a large number of robots at a time and employing the robots for any specific task as flocks in order to harness emergent functions. Swarming of molecular robots has emerged as a new paradigm with potentials to overcome this hurdle in molecular robotics. In this review article, we comprehensively discuss the latest developments in swarm molecular robotics, particularly emphasizing the effective utilization of bio- and nanotechnology in swarming of molecular robots. Importance of tuning the mutual interaction among the molecular robots in regulation of their swarming is introduced. Successful utilization of DNA, photoresponsive molecules, and natural molecular machines in swarming of molecular robots to provide them with processing, sensing, and actuating ability is highlighted. The potentials of molecular swarm robots for practical applications by means of their ability to participate in logical operations and molecular computations are also discussed. Prospects of the molecular swarm robots in utilizing the emergent functions through swarming are also emphasized together with their future perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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