Monitoring heat losses using Landsat ETM+ thermal infrared data - a case study at Kuju fumarolic area in Japan

Md Bodruddoza Mia, Yasuhiro Fujimitsu

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To monitor heat losses using Landsat 7 thermal infrared data from 2002 to 2010 within the active fumarolic region of Kuju volcano in Japan, we used the Stefan-Boltzmann equation for radiative heat flux (RHF) estimation. Heat discharge rate (HDR) was calculated by using the relationship coefficient of RHF and HDR, obtained from two previous studies. The highest total RHF was found to be about 57.7 MW in 2002 and the lowest was about 21.1 MW in 2010. We found the highest HDR, of about 384.5 MW, in 2002 and the lowest, of about 140.8 MW, in 2010. The RHF anomalous areas were showing a declining trend during our study period. The relationship between the land surface temperature (LST) above ambient and RHF was, as expected, in a strong correlation for each result during our study period. Overall, our study was able to delineate the declining trend of heat losses that supports a previous study of similar declining trend of HDR using steam maximum diameter method from the active fumarolic region of Kuju volcano.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1262-1278
Number of pages17
JournalActa Geophysica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2013


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics

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