Sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) has been proposed as a precursor to microsatellite-unstable colorectal carcinoma. However, histological criteria dictating how to differentiate serrated lesions have not been completely established, and a histological overlap exists between SSA and hyperplastic polyps (HPs), particularly the microvesicular type. In this study, based on a critical review of histology, we aimed to elucidate the potential utility of the mucin phenotype in the identification of SSA. We evaluated mucin core protein expression (MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC6) by immunohistochemical stain in 65 cases of microvesicular-type HPs, 51 SSAs, and 72 traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs). SSAs had clinicopathological and morphological features distinct from those of HPs and TSAs. MUC6 was more frequently positive in SSAs (39%) than in TSAs (4%) and HPs (19%) (P∈<∈0.001 and P∈=∈0.0107, respectively). Right-sided HPs more frequently expressed MUC6 than did left-sided HPs (60% vs. 4%, respectively; P∈<∈0.0001), but SSAs and TSAs showed no regional differences. These findings suggest that determination of mucin core protein expression is insufficient for differentiating SSAs from other types of serrated polyps, and that microvesicular-type HPs of the right colon and SSAs may belong to the same mucin spectrum.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology