Multi-cluster dynamics in CΛ13 and analogy to clustering in 12C

Y. Funaki, M. Isaka, E. Hiyama, T. Yamada, K. Ikeda

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We investigate structure of CΛ13 and discuss the difference and similarity between the structures of C12 and CΛ13 by answering the questions if the linear-chain and gaslike cluster states, which are proposed to appear in C12, survives, or new structure states appear or not. We introduce a microscopic cluster model called, Hyper-Tohsaki–Horiuchi–Schuck–Röpke (H-THSR) wave function, which is an extended version of the THSR wave function so as to describe Λ hypernuclei. We obtained two bound states and two resonance (quasi-bound) states for Jπ=0+ in CΛ13, corresponding to the four 0+ states in C12. However, the inversion of level ordering between the spectra of C12 and CΛ13, i.e. that the 03 + and 04 + states in CΛ13 correspond to the 04 + and 03 + states in C12, respectively, is shown to occur. The additional Λ particle reduces sizes of the 02 + and 03 + states in CΛ13 very much, but the shrinkage of the 04 + state is only a half of the other states, in spite of the fact that attractive Λ-N interaction makes nucleus contracted so much when the Λ particle occupies an S-orbit. In conclusion, the Hoyle state becomes quite a compact object with BeΛ9+α configuration in CΛ13 and is no more gaslike state composed of the 3α clusters. Instead, the 04 + state in CΛ13, coming from the C12(03 +) state, appears as a gaslike state composed of α+α+Λ 5He configuration, i.e. the Hoyle analog state. A linear-chain state in a Λ hypernucleus is for the first time predicted to exist as the 03 + state in CΛ13 with more shrunk arrangement of the 3α clusters along z-axis than the 3α linear-chain configuration realized in the C12(04 +) state. All the excited states are shown to appear around the corresponding cluster-decay threshold, reflecting the threshold rule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-343
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 10 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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