Multi-fuel capability of solid oxide fuel cells

K. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, K. Shiosaki, K. Susuki, Y. Teraoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the most attractive features of solid oxide fuel cells is their flexibility for fuels so that internal reforming and/or simple external reforming may be possible. In this study, equilibria in various possible fuel gases are considered, and C-H-O diagrams are constructed. Power generation characteristics for these fuels are measured and compared with those for simulated reformed gas in equilibrium compositions. We have succeeded to demonstrate direct-alcohol SOFCs for e.g. methanol, ethanol, and propanol. Mixtures of CH4 and CO2 are used as simulated biogas, and iso-octane (C8H18) and n-dodecane (C12H 26) are highlighted as simulated gasoline and kerosene, respectively. Influence of fuel impurities on power generation characteristics is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-675
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Volume13
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2004

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solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Reforming reactions
Power generation
1-Propanol
Biofuels
Gas fuels
Biogas
Kerosene
Propanol
kerosene
Gasoline
Methanol
gasoline
octanes
Alcohols
Ethanol
Gases
gases
Impurities

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Multi-fuel capability of solid oxide fuel cells. / Sasaki, K.; Watanabe, K.; Shiosaki, K.; Susuki, K.; Teraoka, Y.

In: Journal of Electroceramics, Vol. 13, No. 1-3, 01.07.2004, p. 669-675.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sasaki, K. ; Watanabe, K. ; Shiosaki, K. ; Susuki, K. ; Teraoka, Y. / Multi-fuel capability of solid oxide fuel cells. In: Journal of Electroceramics. 2004 ; Vol. 13, No. 1-3. pp. 669-675.
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