Multi-institutional Study of Carbon-ion Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Japan Carbon-ion Radiation Oncology Study Group (J-CROS) Study 1403 Pancreas

Shohei Kawashiro, Shigeru Yamada, Masahiko Okamoto, Tatsuya Ohno, Takashi Nakano, Makoto Shinoto, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Kenji Nemoto, Yuka Isozaki, Hiroshi Tsuji, Tadashi Kamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this multi-institutional study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Methods and Materials: Patients with LAPC treated with C-ion RT from April 2012 to December 2014 at 3 institutions were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with pathologically-confirmed invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were eligible. The prescribed dose was 52.8 Gy (relative biological effectiveness weighted absorbed dose; RBE) or 55.2 Gy (RBE) in 12 fractions. Overall survival (OS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), local recurrence (LR), and toxicity were evaluated. Results: In total, 72 patients were included in this study. Tumors in the head of the pancreas were seen in 30 patients (42%), while those in the body or tail of the pancreas were seen in 42 patients (58%). Fifty-six patients (78%) received concurrent chemotherapy. The OS rates were 73% (95% confidence interval [CI], 62%-84%) at 1 year, and 46% (95% CI, 31%-61%) at 2 years with a median OS of 21.5 months (95% CI, 11.8-31.2 months). The 1- and 2-year DMFS rates were 41% (95% CI, 29%-52%) and 28% (95% CI, 16%-40%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year cumulative incidences of LR were 16% (95% CI, 9%-26%) and 24% (95% CI, 14%-36%), respectively. Nineteen patients (26%) experienced acute grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicities. Two patients (3%) had grade 3 anorexia. Late gastrointestinal (GI) grade 3 toxicity was observed in 1 patient (1%). No patients developed late grade 4 or 5 toxicity. Conclusions: The first multi-institutional analysis of C-ion RT for LAPC indicated relatively favorable outcomes with limited toxicities, especially for tumors not in close proximity to GI tract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1212-1221
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume101
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-institutional Study of Carbon-ion Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Japan Carbon-ion Radiation Oncology Study Group (J-CROS) Study 1403 Pancreas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this