Multicomponent adsorption of benzene and selected borderline heavy metals by poly (butadiene-co-acrylic acid) hydrogel

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study introduces a method to alleviate against non-point source water pollution which typically comprises both organic and inorganic pollutants. We synthesized a hydrogel adsorbent customized for simultaneous adsorption (and removal) of benzene and heavy metals ion pollutants. Two functional groups were successfully incorporated into the hydrogel system using solution polymerization and chemical cross-linking methods. The adsorbent was golden brown and insoluble in water, and its structural decomposition in the dry state started at around 175°C. Other thermal properties, hydrogel characterization and adsorption mechanism are described herein. Exploiting the alkylating chemistry of mono-aromatic compounds, this hydrogel successfully adsorbed benzene onto its heterogeneous surface. The strong nature of adsorption with a relatively faster equilibrium time progressed according to second order kinetic model. However, competitive heavy metal ions adsorption was a diffusion-limited process and the adsorption capacity increased not only with the solution pH but also with ionic size and the amount of metal ions’ electric charge. With both type of pollutants adsorbed onto PBA hydrogel, this work therefore opens up a possibility of synthesizing adsorbent systems customized for simultaneous removal of organic and inorganic pollutants in a multi-type polluted waters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3385-3392
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

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Hydrogel
Heavy Metals
Benzene
Butadiene
Hydrogels
Heavy metals
Acrylics
benzene
heavy metal
adsorption
Adsorption
Acids
acid
Adsorbents
Metal ions
Heavy ions
organic pollutant
ion
Electric charge
Water pollution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

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title = "Multicomponent adsorption of benzene and selected borderline heavy metals by poly (butadiene-co-acrylic acid) hydrogel",
abstract = "This study introduces a method to alleviate against non-point source water pollution which typically comprises both organic and inorganic pollutants. We synthesized a hydrogel adsorbent customized for simultaneous adsorption (and removal) of benzene and heavy metals ion pollutants. Two functional groups were successfully incorporated into the hydrogel system using solution polymerization and chemical cross-linking methods. The adsorbent was golden brown and insoluble in water, and its structural decomposition in the dry state started at around 175°C. Other thermal properties, hydrogel characterization and adsorption mechanism are described herein. Exploiting the alkylating chemistry of mono-aromatic compounds, this hydrogel successfully adsorbed benzene onto its heterogeneous surface. The strong nature of adsorption with a relatively faster equilibrium time progressed according to second order kinetic model. However, competitive heavy metal ions adsorption was a diffusion-limited process and the adsorption capacity increased not only with the solution pH but also with ionic size and the amount of metal ions’ electric charge. With both type of pollutants adsorbed onto PBA hydrogel, this work therefore opens up a possibility of synthesizing adsorbent systems customized for simultaneous removal of organic and inorganic pollutants in a multi-type polluted waters.",
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AU - Omondi, Brian A.

AU - Nguele Odou, Pierre Ronald

AU - Okabe, Hirotaka

AU - Hidaka, Yoshiki

AU - Hara, Kazuhiro

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N2 - This study introduces a method to alleviate against non-point source water pollution which typically comprises both organic and inorganic pollutants. We synthesized a hydrogel adsorbent customized for simultaneous adsorption (and removal) of benzene and heavy metals ion pollutants. Two functional groups were successfully incorporated into the hydrogel system using solution polymerization and chemical cross-linking methods. The adsorbent was golden brown and insoluble in water, and its structural decomposition in the dry state started at around 175°C. Other thermal properties, hydrogel characterization and adsorption mechanism are described herein. Exploiting the alkylating chemistry of mono-aromatic compounds, this hydrogel successfully adsorbed benzene onto its heterogeneous surface. The strong nature of adsorption with a relatively faster equilibrium time progressed according to second order kinetic model. However, competitive heavy metal ions adsorption was a diffusion-limited process and the adsorption capacity increased not only with the solution pH but also with ionic size and the amount of metal ions’ electric charge. With both type of pollutants adsorbed onto PBA hydrogel, this work therefore opens up a possibility of synthesizing adsorbent systems customized for simultaneous removal of organic and inorganic pollutants in a multi-type polluted waters.

AB - This study introduces a method to alleviate against non-point source water pollution which typically comprises both organic and inorganic pollutants. We synthesized a hydrogel adsorbent customized for simultaneous adsorption (and removal) of benzene and heavy metals ion pollutants. Two functional groups were successfully incorporated into the hydrogel system using solution polymerization and chemical cross-linking methods. The adsorbent was golden brown and insoluble in water, and its structural decomposition in the dry state started at around 175°C. Other thermal properties, hydrogel characterization and adsorption mechanism are described herein. Exploiting the alkylating chemistry of mono-aromatic compounds, this hydrogel successfully adsorbed benzene onto its heterogeneous surface. The strong nature of adsorption with a relatively faster equilibrium time progressed according to second order kinetic model. However, competitive heavy metal ions adsorption was a diffusion-limited process and the adsorption capacity increased not only with the solution pH but also with ionic size and the amount of metal ions’ electric charge. With both type of pollutants adsorbed onto PBA hydrogel, this work therefore opens up a possibility of synthesizing adsorbent systems customized for simultaneous removal of organic and inorganic pollutants in a multi-type polluted waters.

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