We report a rare case of multiple esophageal squamous papillomas (ESPs). A 42-year-old man underwent a medical examination, and abnormalities of multiple elevated lesions were noted using a esophagogastroduodenoscope. He underwent upper gastrointestinal tract radiography with an orally ingested barium sulfate and gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed multiple elevated lesions in the esophagus, predominantly on the distal esophagus. We performed an endoscopic esophageal mucosal resection using a cap-fitted esophagogastroduodenoscope to obtain sufficient specimens. Based on the pathological findings, we diagnosed multiple ESPs. Although single ESPs or a few ESPs in a patient are often encountered, multiple ESP cases are rare.