Multiple formation of chondrules in the early solar system: Chronology of a compound Al-rich chondrule

T. Akaki, T. Nakamura, T. Noguchi, A. Tsuchiyama

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Abstract

Chondrules are high-temperature components of meteorites and are formed during flash heating episodes in the early solar system. From the presence of compound chondrules, which consist of an early formed unit enclosed within a later phase, it has been concluded that the chondrule formation event is repeatable. We report on the chronology of one Al-rich compound chondrule from the Allende meteorite, together with its mineralogy, petrography, and oxygen isotope composition. The earlier formed primary chondrule is rich in 26Al with an initial 26Al/27Al ratio of (2.7 ± 1.0) × 10-5, whereas the later formed secondary chondrule is depleted in 26Al with an initial 26Al/ 27Al ratio of (9.9 ± 2.0) × 10-6. The difference between the primary and secondary initial ratios corresponds to 1 Myr. We conclude that the primary unit formed during an earlier melting episode and went into a secondary melt that formed 1 Myr later during a later melting episode. The oxygen isotope composition of silicates in the primary and secondary phases shows varying degrees of 16O-depression but is similar to that of single chondrules from Allende meteorite specimens. Therefore, this primary chondrule in Allende stayed in the same dust reservoir for over 1 Myr and experienced multiple heating events, during which secondary and single chondrules were also produced.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume656
Issue number1 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 2007
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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