Municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash: A potential source for hydrogen generation

A. Nithiya, A. Saffarzadeh, T. Shimaoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper reports the hydrogen generation potential of municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash from an incineration facility in Japan (N). Experiments were conducted by comparing the hydrogen generation potential among various particle fractions of bottom ash. Collected samples were dried and separated into four particle fractions (N1, N2, N3 and N4—from fine to coarse) and subjected to physical and chemical analyses prior to hydrogen generation. Hydrogen generation was conducted by mixing bottom ash samples with water at liquid to solid ratio (L/S) 5 and incubated at 40°C for 20 days. Gas pressure and concentration were measured at every 24 hours interval. The highest amount of hydrogen generation (cumulative) was observed in N2 particles at 20 days (41.5 l/kg dry ash). Finest particles (N1) and coarse particles (N4) showed the least hydrogen generation (cumulative) 22.5 l/kg dry ash and 25.2 l/kg dry ash respectively. The pH of liquid was observed to increase slightly after hydrogen production in each fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014
EditorsJimmy C.M. Kao, Wen-Pei Sung
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages937-942
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781138026919
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
EventInternational Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014 - Taichung, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: Dec 6 2014Dec 7 2014

Publication series

NameEnvironment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaichung
Period12/6/1412/7/14

Fingerprint

Ashes
Waste incineration
Municipal solid waste
Hydrogen
Liquids
Hydrogen production

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Nithiya, A., Saffarzadeh, A., & Shimaoka, T. (2015). Municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash: A potential source for hydrogen generation. In J. C. M. Kao, & W-P. Sung (Eds.), Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014 (pp. 937-942). (Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014). CRC Press/Balkema.

Municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash : A potential source for hydrogen generation. / Nithiya, A.; Saffarzadeh, A.; Shimaoka, T.

Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014. ed. / Jimmy C.M. Kao; Wen-Pei Sung. CRC Press/Balkema, 2015. p. 937-942 (Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nithiya, A, Saffarzadeh, A & Shimaoka, T 2015, Municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash: A potential source for hydrogen generation. in JCM Kao & W-P Sung (eds), Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014. Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014, CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 937-942, International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014, Taichung, Taiwan, Province of China, 12/6/14.
Nithiya A, Saffarzadeh A, Shimaoka T. Municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash: A potential source for hydrogen generation. In Kao JCM, Sung W-P, editors, Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014. CRC Press/Balkema. 2015. p. 937-942. (Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014).
Nithiya, A. ; Saffarzadeh, A. ; Shimaoka, T. / Municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash : A potential source for hydrogen generation. Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014. editor / Jimmy C.M. Kao ; Wen-Pei Sung. CRC Press/Balkema, 2015. pp. 937-942 (Environment, Energy and Applied Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 3rd International Conference on Frontier of Energy and Environment Engineering, ICFEEE 2014).
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