The present study examined changes in the angiotensin type 2 (AT2) receptor mRNA level after carbachol exposure in PC12 cells. The AT2 receptor mRNA level increased 2- to 3-fold after 12-18 h of carbachol exposure (100 μM). The up-regulation of AT2 receptor mRNA was antagonized by atropine, which is a muscarinic receptor antagonist, thus suggesting that the increase in AT2 receptor mRNA is mediated via muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. This increase is blocked by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine-methylester, nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, and hemoglobin NO trap. Protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, H-7 and calphostin C, inhibited the carbachol-induced upregulation. In addition, a G kinase inhibitor, ODQ (1H- [1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one), inhibited this increase. These findings suggest that the carbachol-induced increases in AT2 receptor mRNA is regulated by the activation of NO-cGMP and/or the PKC pathway.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes