Fluorescence quenching by guanine allows DNA hybridization to be monitored and any point mutations in oligonucleotides to be detected. However, fluorescence quenching is often affected by untargeted guanine located in a protruding end (single-strand DNA) of the probe-target DNA duplex resulting in an unsatisfactory sensitivity. In the present study, we used enzymatic digestion of the protruding end of a probe-target DNA duplex to avoid interference by untargeted guanine on fluorescence quenching for detection of a nucleobase mutation. Enzymatic digestion of the protruding end of the DNA duplex fully prevented interference by untargeted guanine, and produced a marked difference in the quenching ratios (36% for wild-type, and 0% for mutant).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology