Although mutations of perforin, MUNC13-4 and syntaxin 11 genes have been found in children with familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL), the incidence of each genetic subtype varies in different ethnic groups. We evaluated mutations of syntaxin 11 and SNAP23 genes in 30 Japanese FHL patients. The patients had no mutations and 10% had one polymorphism (146G>A) of syntaxin 11, while no mutation of SNAP23 was observed. Our results indicate that aberrations in the SNARE system may not cause FHL in Japanese families.
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