Interaction between commensal bacteria and intestinal epithelial cells (i-ECs) via TLRs is important for intestinal homeostasis. In this study, we found that the numbers of CB8αα TCRαβ and TCRγδ intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (i-IELs) were significantly decreased in MyD88-deficient (-/-) mice. The expression of IL-15 by i-ECs was severely reduced in MyD88-/- mice. Introduction of IL-15 transgene into MyD88-/- mice (MyD88-/- IL-15 transgenic mice) partly restored the numbers of CD8αα TCRαβ and TCRγδ i-IELs. The i-IEL in irradiated wild-type (WT) mice transferred with MyD88-/- bone marrow (BM) cells had the same proportions of i-IEL as WT mice, whereas those in irradiated MyD88-/- mice transferred with WT BM cells showed significantly reduced proportions of CD8αα TCRαβ and TCRγδ i-IELs, as was similar to the proportions found in MyD88-/- mice. However, irradiated MyD88-/- IL-15 transgenic mice transferred with WT BM cells had increased numbers of CD8αα TCRαβ and TCRγδ subsets in the i-IEL. These results suggest that parenchymal cells such as i-ECs contribute to the maintenance of CD8αα TCRαβ and γδ i-IELs at least partly via MyD88-dependent IL-15 production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy