Purpose: Phosphodiesterase (PDE) III inhibitors have been reported in various cellular protective activities via the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) pathway. We investigated the effects of amrinone on ischemia/reperfusion injury and intracellular calcium (Ca2+) handling if utilized as a component of terminal warm blood cardioplegia (TWBCP). Methods: Anesthetized pig hearts were subjected to 90-min global ischemia with single-dose crystalloid cardioplegia, followed by 30-min reperfusion under cardiopulmonary bypass. The animals were divided into three groups according to the contents of TWBCP (n = 5 each): Control, no TWBCP; TWBCP, no additive; Amrinone, TWBCP with amrinone. The time course of cardiac function and biochemical samples were measured. Further, coronary perfusion and ventricular arrhythmia were evaluated during reperfusion. Results: Cardiac function improved with amrinone. Specifically, the amrinone group showed an increase of myocardial cAMP (p <0.05) and a suppression of creatine kinase, troponin-T, and lipid peroxide after reperfusion (p <0.05); many cases also showed much improvement of coronary perfusion and spontaneous resuscitation after global ischemia. Conclusion: Ischemia and/or reperfusion deplete myocardial cAMP, leading to impaired Ca2+ handling and further to cardiac dysfunction. High-dose PDEIII inhibitor in TWBCP may replenish myocardial cAMP and promote rapid and sustained cardiac functional recovery with various cellular protective effects after open-heart surgery.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine