Solid acid catalysts offer the opportunity to reduce environmental impact owing to such advantages as ease of product separation and recyclability of the catalyst, which contribute considerably to green chemistry. Nanosheets, crystalline two-dimensional metal oxide sheets prepared from cation-exchangeable layered metal oxides through exfoliation and aggregation, are a novel class of potential solid acid catalysts for replacing liquid acids, such as sulfuric acid. This article reviews the acid strength and acid catalysis of several types of nanosheets, which are strongly dependent on novel strong Brønsted acid sites attributed to bridged OH groups formed only on nanosheets. An efficient acid catalysis of layered protonated niobium molybdate in Friedel-Crafts alkylation, esterification and hydrolysis, owing to its unique intercalation availability, is also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering