自閉症スペクトラム障害児におけるナラティブの特性:フィクショナルナラティブの構成と行為の側面に焦点を当てて

Translated title of the contribution: Narrative Abilities of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

李 熙馥, 田中 真理

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study compared the Fictional Narrative abilities of 26 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with the abilities of 32 typical children. Participants (ages 7-19 years) were asked to narrate a story while looking at the images in a wordless picture book. Group differences were detected in children's use of “settings” and “endings” as story structure components. Children with ASD were less likely than normal children to identify the causes of a character's mental state and emotions. In addition, it was more difficult for ASD children to construct a story from the character's point of view. In contrast to findings from previous studies, there were no significant group differences in the use of referential devices, and gaze behavior at the listener was observed here in many ASD children in elementary school. Additional research is needed to determine how ASD children regulate and adjust their narratives according to the status and knowledge of the listener.
Translated title of the contributionNarrative Abilities of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)527-538
Number of pages12
Journal発達心理学研究
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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