We developed a narrowband magnetic particle imaging (MPI) system that uses third-harmonic signal detection and electrical scanning of the field free point (FFP). Comparing with mechanical scanning, we can decrease the measurement time significantly and increase the signal-to-noise ratio as well. For electrical scanning, we designed and constructed gradient and shift coils. The gradient coil consisting of four pieces of planar coils generated the gradient field with a field gradient of 0.4 T/m at a height of 25 mm from the coil surface. The FFP can be moved ±8 mm by supplying a current of ±6.6 A to the shift coil. Using the developed system, we detected two magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) samples located at a depth of 35 mm below the pickup coil with a spacing of 10 mm. By applying an excitation field of 1 mT at 22.75 kHz, we measured the third-harmonic signal from the MNP samples and obtained a contour map of the signal field in an area of 16 × 16 mm2. Then, we converted the field map into an MNP distribution using singular value decomposition method. It was shown that the spatial resolution of the reconstructed MNP distribution was improved compared with that of the measured contour map of the signal field. The spatial resolution for MNP detection in MNP distribution was 5 mm and two MNP samples were distinguished clearly. This result indicated that MPI using electrical scanning of the FFP was successfully performed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering