Na+-K+ pump inhibition caused by chronic amiodarone in guinea pig myocardium

Toru Maruyama, Norihiro Ueda, Yoshikazu Kaji, Shozo Kanaya, Takehiko Fujino, Yoshiyuki Niho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although it is known that amiodarone inhibits myocardial Na+-K+ pump activity, the potency and the time course of this inhibition are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate these aspects with reference to digoxin, using guinea pigs treated with either intraperitoneal amiodarone (20 mg/kg per week, up to 12 weeks, n = 26) or the same amount of vehicle as a control (n = 24). ECG recording and microelectrode experiments were conducted every 2 weeks. QT interval corrected by heart rate and action potential duration were prolonged as a function of the time of exposure to amiodarone. Hyperpolarization observed immediately after the overdrive (1.0 Hz) termination or K+-replenishment following K+-depletion in the presence of 0.1 mM Ba2+ was compared in the amiodarone-treated and untreated groups, as an index of the Na+-K+ pump activity. The resting membrane potential recovery from overdrive-induced depolarization was slower and the amplitude of K+-induced hyperpolarization was smaller in the amiodarone-treated group than in the untreated group. These changes were evident as the chronic amiodarone treatment progressed, although the changes in these parameters were greater in the case of acute application of 50 μM digoxin. In conclusion, this study indicates that treatment with amiodarone for longer than several weeks moderately inhibits the myocardial Na+-K+ pump.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-223
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Vessels
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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