Natural surface rebound of the Bangkok plain and aquifer characterization by persistent scatterer interferometry

Kazuya Ishitsuka, Yo Fukushima, Takeshi Tsuji, Yasuhiro Yamada, Toshifumi Matsuoka, Pham Huy Giao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


We estimated recent surface displacements around Bangkok by means of persistent scatterer interferometry with ALOS/PALSAR images acquired from November 2007 to December 2010. Land subsidence due to excessive groundwater pumping has been reported in this region. However, we detected ground surface uplift around the mega-city, along with seasonal surface displacement, with high spatial resolution. We then discriminated long-term natural rebound and seasonal displacement by fitting exponential and sinusoidal functions to displacement time-series, and mapped their spatial distributions. This mapping allowed us to infer that the second and third shallowest aquifers are laterally continuous, whereas the shallowest aquifer has lateral discontinuities. The temporal decay rate of the long-term rebound might reflect spatial changes of the Chao Phraya River watershed or the magnitude of the preceding groundwater extraction. We demonstrated that our method of decomposing the displacement time series into different spatial and temporal patterns is useful for understanding aquifer connectivity and the elastic response pattern in an aquifer system. Key Points We detected surface in Bangkok has been uplifting due to groundwater recovery We mapped the unrecognized aquifer connectivity controlling recovery pattern Our method is useful to characterize elastic response and aquifer structure

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-974
Number of pages10
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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