Near-Infrared Polarimetric Image Sensors Based on Ordered Sulfur-Passivation GaSb Nanowire Arrays

Kai Zhang, Zhihui Ren, Huichen Cao, Lingling Li, Ying Wang, Wei Zhang, Yubao Li, Haitao Yang, You Meng, Johnny C. Ho, Zhongming Wei, Guozhen Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The near-infrared polarimetric image sensor has a wide range of applications in the military and civilian fields, thus developing into a research hotspot in recent years. Because of their distinguishing 1D structure features, the ordered GaSb nanowire (NW) arrays possess potential applications for near-infrared polarization photodetection. In this work, single-crystalline GaSb NWs are synthesized through a sulfur-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition process. A sulfur-passivation thin layer is formed on the NW surface, which prevents the GaSb NW core from being oxidized. The photodetector based on sulfur-passivation GaSb (S-GaSb) NWs has a lower dark current and higher responsivity than that built with pure GaSb NWs. The photodetector exhibits a large responsivity of 9.39 × 102 A/W and an ultrahigh detectivity of 1.10 × 1011 Jones for 1.55 μm incident light. Furthermore, the dichroic ratio of the device is measured to reach 2.65 for polarized 1.55 μm light. Through a COMSOL simulation, it is elucidated that the origin of the polarized photoresponse is the attenuation of a light electric field inside the NW when the angle of incident polarization light rotates. Moreover, a flexible polarimetric image sensor with 5 × 5 pixels is successfully constructed on the ordered S-GaSb NW arrays, and it exhibits a good imaging ability for incident near-infrared polarization light. These good photoresponse properties and polarized imaging abilities can empower ordered S-GaSb NW arrays with technological potentials in next-generation large-scale near-infrared polarimetric imaging sensors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS nano
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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