Introduction: OEIS complex has been described as a combination of defects consisting of o mphalocele (O), e xstrophy of the cloaca (E), imperforate anus (I), and s pinal defects (S). As the first three defects are life-threatening and treated on a priority basis, neurosurgical intervention for spinal defects is deferred until recuperation from abdominogenital repair. However, the best timing for neurosurgical operation has not been precisely described. Materials and methods: We reviewed our neurosurgical management of three cases (case 1: myelomeningocele; cases 2 and 3: terminal myelocystocele). At 2-6 (3.6 on average) months after birth, neurosurgical procedures, including reduction of the size of the lumbosacral cystic lesion and untethering of the spinal cord, were performed. Results: During this period, the patients' weights increased from 1,911 to 3,368 g on average, and the lumbosacral cystic lesion was markedly enlarged. In all cases, no neurological deterioration was seen, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt was not indicated. Conclusion: Thus, neurosurgical procedures can be performed in patients weighing 3-4 kg and/or at an age of 3 months, after confirming recuperated conditions from abdominogenital repair. Careful observation should be made of the size of the lumbosacral cystic lesion and neurological deterioration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology