To detect the novel genes expressed uniquely in neutrophils and elucidate their function, the gene expression pattern was compared by using cDNA microarray containing 240 cytokine genes between the neutrophils and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from healthy human donors. Twenty-six genes, including tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), were expressed in neutrophils at a level >10 times higher than that seen in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated PBMCs. The amounts of mRNA and protein of TRAIL were quantified by real-time reverse transcription-PCR and ELISA, respectively. TRAIL was expressed in resting neutrophils at the mRNA and protein levels, and its expression was enhanced after stimulation with IFN-γ. Neutrophils expressed TRAIL on the cell surface and released it into the culture media. The cytotoxicity of neutrophil-derived TRAIL against Jurkat cells was determined by flow cytometry using FITC-conjugated annexin V. When Jurkat cells were cultured with neutrophils in the presence of IFN-γ, the number of Jurkat cells undergoing apoptosis increased, and such increase depended on the effector:target ratio. This cytotoxicity was suppressed partially by adding anti-TRAIL antibody to the media. Neutrophils may exert their own antitumor effect by TRAIL. A microarray analysis was found to be a useful tool for detecting novel genes that are suggested to play unknown roles in the neutrophil function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research