New experimental evidences of Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles with core-shell configuration and highly fine-ordered nanostructures by high-resolution electron transmission microscopy

Viet Long Nguyen, Michitaka Ohtaki, Takashi Matsubara, Minh Thi Cao, Masayuki Nogami

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In our facile synthesis method, poly(vinylpyrrolidone)-protected Pt and Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles with controllable polyhedral core-shell morphologies are precisely synthesized by the reduction of Pt and Pd precursors at a certain temperature in ethylene glycol with silver nitrate as structure-controlling agent. The Pt nanoparticles exhibited well-shaped polyhedral morphology with highly fine and specific nanostructures in the size range of 20 nm. Important evidences of core-shell configurations of the Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles were clearly characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurements. The results of HRTEM images showed that the core-shell Pt-Pd nanoparticles in the size range of 25 nm with polyhedral morphology were synthesized with the thin Pd shells of ∼3 nm in thickness as the atomic Pd layers grown on the Pt cores. Very interesting characteristics of surface structure of Pt nanostructures and Pt-Pd core-shell nanostructures with surface defects were observed. The high-resolution TEM images of Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles showed that the Frank-van der Merwe and Stranski-Krastanov growth modes coexist in the nucleation and growth of the Pd shells on the as-prepared Pt cores. It is predicted that the FM growth becomes the main favorable growth compared with the SK growth in the formation of the thin Pd shells of Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles. The experimental evidence of the deformations of lattice fringes and lattice-fringe patterns was found in Pt and Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles. The interesting renucleation and recrystallization at the attachments between the nanoparticles are revealed to form a good lattice match. In addition, our novel ideas of the largest surface-area superlattices and promising utilization of them are proposed for next generations of various fuel cells with low cost. Finally, the products of Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles can be potentially utilized as highly efficient catalysts in the realization of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and direct methanol fuel cell using the very low Pt loading with better cost-effective design.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12265-12274
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Volume116
    Issue number22
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2012

    Fingerprint

    High resolution transmission electron microscopy
    Nanostructures
    Nanoparticles
    nanoparticles
    transmission electron microscopy
    high resolution
    configurations
    fuel cells
    Silver Nitrate
    Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
    Ethylene Glycol
    silver nitrates
    Surface defects
    Superlattices
    Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
    Ethylene glycol
    Surface structure
    surface defects
    Costs
    Fuel cells

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Energy(all)
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

    Cite this

    New experimental evidences of Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles with core-shell configuration and highly fine-ordered nanostructures by high-resolution electron transmission microscopy. / Nguyen, Viet Long; Ohtaki, Michitaka; Matsubara, Takashi; Cao, Minh Thi; Nogami, Masayuki.

    In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, No. 22, 07.06.2012, p. 12265-12274.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "In our facile synthesis method, poly(vinylpyrrolidone)-protected Pt and Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles with controllable polyhedral core-shell morphologies are precisely synthesized by the reduction of Pt and Pd precursors at a certain temperature in ethylene glycol with silver nitrate as structure-controlling agent. The Pt nanoparticles exhibited well-shaped polyhedral morphology with highly fine and specific nanostructures in the size range of 20 nm. Important evidences of core-shell configurations of the Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles were clearly characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurements. The results of HRTEM images showed that the core-shell Pt-Pd nanoparticles in the size range of 25 nm with polyhedral morphology were synthesized with the thin Pd shells of ∼3 nm in thickness as the atomic Pd layers grown on the Pt cores. Very interesting characteristics of surface structure of Pt nanostructures and Pt-Pd core-shell nanostructures with surface defects were observed. The high-resolution TEM images of Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles showed that the Frank-van der Merwe and Stranski-Krastanov growth modes coexist in the nucleation and growth of the Pd shells on the as-prepared Pt cores. It is predicted that the FM growth becomes the main favorable growth compared with the SK growth in the formation of the thin Pd shells of Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles. The experimental evidence of the deformations of lattice fringes and lattice-fringe patterns was found in Pt and Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles. The interesting renucleation and recrystallization at the attachments between the nanoparticles are revealed to form a good lattice match. In addition, our novel ideas of the largest surface-area superlattices and promising utilization of them are proposed for next generations of various fuel cells with low cost. Finally, the products of Pt-Pd core-shell nanoparticles can be potentially utilized as highly efficient catalysts in the realization of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and direct methanol fuel cell using the very low Pt loading with better cost-effective design.",
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    AU - Cao, Minh Thi

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