New insight into the role of the calvin cycle: Reutilization of CO 2 emitted through sugar degradation

Rie Shimizu, Yudai Dempo, Yasumune Nakayama, Satoshi Nakamura, Takeshi Bamba, Eiichiro Fukusaki, Toshiaki Fukui

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ralstonia eutropha is a facultative chemolithoautotrophic bacterium that uses the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle for CO 2 fixation. This study showed that R. eutropha strain H16G incorporated 13 CO 2 , emitted by the oxidative decarboxylation of [1- 13 C 1 ]-glucose, into key metabolites of the CBB cycle and finally into poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] with up to 5.6% 13 C abundance. The carbon yield of P(3HB) produced from glucose by the strain H16G was 1.2 times higher than that by the CBB cycle-inactivated mutants, in agreement with the possible fixation of CO 2 estimated from the balance of energy and reducing equivalents through sugar degradation integrated with the CBB cycle. The results proved that the 'gratuitously' functional CBB cycle in R. eutropha under aerobic heterotrophic conditions participated in the reutilization of CO 2 emitted during sugar degradation, leading to an advantage expressed as increased carbon yield of the storage compound. This is a new insight into the role of the CBB cycle, and may be applicable for more efficient utilization of biomass resources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11617
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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