New insights into dynamic and functional assembly of the AAA peroxins, Pex1p and Pex6p, and their membrane receptor Pex26p in shuttling of PTS1-receptor Pex5p during peroxisome biogenesis

Yukio Fujiki, Chika Nashiro, Non Miyata, Shigehiko Tamura, Kanji Okumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peroxisome is a single-membrane organelle in eukaryotes. The functional importance of peroxisomes in humans is highlighted by peroxisome-deficient peroxisome biogenesis disorders such as Zellweger syndrome. Two AAA peroxins, Pex1p and Pex6p, are encoded by PEX1 and PEX6, the causal genes for PBDs of complementation groups 1 and 4, respectively. PEX26 responsible for peroxisome biogenesis disorders of complementation group 8 codes for C-tail-anchored type-II membrane peroxin Pex26p, the recruiter of Pex1p-Pex6p complexes to peroxisomes. Pex1p is targeted to peroxisomes in a manner dependent on ATP hydrolysis, while Pex6p targeting requires ATP but not its hydrolysis. Pex1p and Pex6p are most likely regulated in their peroxisomal localization onto Pex26p via conformational changes by ATPase cycle. Pex5p is the cytosolic receptor for peroxisome matrix proteins with peroxisome targeting signal type-1 and shuttles between the cytosol and peroxisomes. AAA peroxins are involved in the export from peroxisomes of Pex5p. Pex5p is ubiquitinated at the conserved cysteine11 in a form associated with peroxisomes. Pex5p with a mutation of the cysteine11 to alanine, termed Pex5p-C11A, abrogates peroxisomal import of proteins harboring peroxisome targeting signals 1 and 2 in wild-type cells. Pex5p-C11A is imported into peroxisomes but not exported, hence suggesting an essential role of the cysteine residue in the export of Pex5p. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: AAA ATPases: structure and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-149
Number of pages5
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1823
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this