New insights into the catalytic mechanism of Bombyx mori prostaglandin e synthase gained from structure-function analysis

Kohji Yamamoto, Mamoru Suzuki, Akifumi Higashiura, Kosuke Aritake, Yoshihiro Urade, Nobuko Uodome, Tofazzal Hossain, Atsushi Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostaglandin E synthase (PGES) catalyzes the isomerization of PGH 2 to PGE2. We previously reported the identification and structural characterization of Bombyx mori PGES (bmPGES), which belongs to Sigma-class glutathione transferase. Here, we extend these studies by determining the structure of bmPGES in complex with glutathione sulfonic acid (GTS) at a resolution of 1.37 Å using X-ray crystallography. GTS localized to the glutathione-binding site. We found that electron-sharing network of bmPGES includes Asn95, Asp96, and Arg98. Site-directed mutagenesis of these residues to create mutant forms of bmPGES mutants indicate that they contribute to catalytic activity. These results are, to our knowledge, the first to reveal the presence of an electron-sharing network in bmPGES.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-767
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume440
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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