New packer experiments and borehole logs in upper oceanic crust: Evidence for ridge-parallel consistency in crustal hydrogeological properties

Keir Becker, Andrew T. Fisher, Takeshi Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report new drillstring packer permeability tests conducted during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 327 in upper oceanic basement in Hole U1362A on the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Hole U1362A lies within a closely spaced array (40-2460 m separation) of six holes in well-sedimented 3.5-3.6 m.y. old crust that were drilled, tested, and instrumented with borehole observatories during Ocean Drilling Program Leg 168 and IODP Expeditions 301 and 327. The permeability tests in Hole U1362A complement similar experiments previously conducted in nearby Holes 1026B, 1027C, and U1301B. The new results suggest consistency of upper crustal permeability between Holes U1362A and U1301B, which penetrate 290 and 320 m of basement and are separated by ∼825 m. We obtain similar bulk permeability values of 1-3 × 10-12 m2 for the sections deeper than ∼150 m into basement in both holes. These values are significantly higher than results of packer experiments in the shallowest few tens of meters of basement in nearby Holes 1026B and 1027C, suggesting that the highest basement permeabilities in this area are not found in the shallowest basement layers. Downhole logs of density and penetration rate during drilling and coring in Holes U1362A and U1301B show similar trends within the upper crust, reinforcing the inference that there may be considerable lateral continuity in hydrogeologic properties. This continuity may be associated with the fundamental lithostratigraphy of the crust and/or influenced by ridge-parallel faulting and fracturing associated with the formation of abyssal hill topography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2900-2915
Number of pages16
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2013

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Packers
boreholes
Boreholes
upper crust
oceanic crust
ridges
crusts
Drilling
borehole
permeability
basements
Ocean Drilling Program
drilling
experiment
Experiments
Faulting
abyssal hill
expeditions
crust
oceans

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

New packer experiments and borehole logs in upper oceanic crust : Evidence for ridge-parallel consistency in crustal hydrogeological properties. / Becker, Keir; Fisher, Andrew T.; Tsuji, Takeshi.

In: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 14, No. 8, 01.08.2013, p. 2900-2915.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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