Ni-Fe-La(Sr)Fe(Mn)O3 as a new active cermet cathode for intermediate-temperature CO2 electrolysis using a LaGaO3-based electrolyte

Shijing Wang, Hidekazu Tsuruta, Minoru Asanuma, Tatsumi Ishihara

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Abstract

Various additives to Ni-Fe systems are studied as cermet cathodes for CO2 electrolysis (973-1173 K) using a La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3 (LSGM) electrolyte, which is one of the most promising oxide-ion conductors for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide electrolysis cells in terms of ionic-transport number and conductivity. It is found that Ni-Fe-La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Mn0.2O3 (Ni-Fe-LSFM) exhibits a remarkable performance with a current density of 2.32 A cm-2 at 1.6 V and 1073 K. The cathodic overpotential is significantly decreased by mixing the LSFM powder with Ni-Fe, which is related to the increase in the number of reaction sites for CO2 reduction. For Ni-Fe-LSFM, much smaller particles (<200 nm) are sustained under CO2 electrolysis conditions at high temperatures than for Ni-Fe. X-ray diffraction analysis suggests that the main phases of Ni-Fe-LSFM are Ni and LaFeO3; thus, the oxide phase of LaFeO3 is also maintained during CO2 electrolysis. Analysis of the gaseous products indicates that only CO is formed, and the rate of CO formation agrees well with that of a four-electron reduction process, suggesting that the reduction of CO2 to CO proceeds selectively. It is also confirmed that almost no coke is deposited on the Ni-Fe-LSFM cathode after CO2 electrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1401003
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

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Cermet Cements
Electrolysis
Electrolytes
Cathodes
Carbon Monoxide
Oxides
Regenerative fuel cells
Temperature
Coke
Powders
X ray diffraction analysis
Current density
Ions
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Ni-Fe-La(Sr)Fe(Mn)O3 as a new active cermet cathode for intermediate-temperature CO2 electrolysis using a LaGaO3-based electrolyte. / Wang, Shijing; Tsuruta, Hidekazu; Asanuma, Minoru; Ishihara, Tatsumi.

In: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1401003, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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